Dr. Gareth Dyke explains the easy, effective way to write the abstract for your paper — just by writing short answers to FOUR simple questions. 

Hey, this is Gareth Dyke, and in this short video we’re going to talk about how to write an abstract effectively. I know! One of the hardest parts of academic writing: getting your whole study down into just 150 to 200 words. 

It’s tricky, I know but you can do it easily. You can do it effectively. You can do it without breaking a sweat! IF you answer four basic questions.

Writing an abstract easily in English can be done using what we call the Four Question Technique.

Write down these four questions, and then answer them using information from your own academic study.

  • Why did you do the study?
  • What did you do?
  • What did you find? and…
  • What did you conclude? What’s the significance of the study?

Those four questions in sequence answered with text from your own academic research in one or two sentences, that will give you, I guarantee, about 100 to 150 words that you can use then as the basis for your next academic conference or academic article abstract.

(Remembering of course that the abstract has to stand alone and it’s often all that other people are going to read. When was the last time you read all the way through an academic paper? Most people just read the abstract!)

So think about the four questions that your abstract has to answer the next time you write one for your own paper: why did you do the study, what did you do, what did you find, and what did you conclude?

That’s the four question based technique for writing — easily writing — an effective abstract in English! 

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Learn more about Gareth and the rest of the Edanz Learning Lab team at: https://learning.edanz.com/about-us/ 

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